Blood pressure differs during the day which depends on the some activities engaged. Such as the food you eat, physical exercise and emotional stress among others. Some people may have high blood pressure in the morning. This is Morning high blood pressure or Morning hypertension. Scientific research reveals that morning high blood pressure increases the risk of heart and circulatory problems for example stroke. Even in people that there blood pressure is well monitored and controlled, 50% still have blood pressure in the morning.
Scientific research reveals that morning hypertension increases the risk of heart and circulatory problems for example stroke.
What are the causes of morning blood pressure?
Increase in blood pressure when we wake up as a result of the normal circadian rhythm of the body. Circadian rhythm is a 24-hour cycle that influences our sleep/wake patterns. Hormones such as adrenaline and noradrenaline are released by the body early in the morning. These hormones provide energy which can be responsible for increase in blood pressure. The daily increase in blood pressure is usually between 06:00 and 12:00. If blood pressure is too high, it can cause adverse effects.
What can happen if I have morning high blood pressure?
Individuals who are hypertensive and have a particularly high blood pressure in the morning have a higher risk of stroke. Compared to other hypertensive patients that have no records of morning hypertension.
High blood pressure can result to stroke. Which is a sudden loss of brain function because of lack of blood supply to the brain.
There are 2 types of Stroke:
Stroke caused by a blood clot is ischemic stroke. Ischemic stroke is the most common type. It is responsible for the causes of 85% of the 600,000 strokes which occurs annually. Hemorrhagic attacks occur when the blood vessel breaks into the brain.
Morning hypertension can also increase the risk of other cardiac and vascular problems. It is related to changes in the rhythm and size of your heart, which can lead to heart attack or heart failure. You should contact your doctor immediately if you have symptoms such as severe headaches, chest pain, numbness, or tingling in your face or arm.
Who Is at Risk for Morning Hypertension?
Below are the categories of people who are at the risk of early morning hypertension:
• Type 1 or type 2 diabetes
• Be more than 65 years old
• use of tobacco or alcohol
• High cholesterol levels
How Do I Know If I Have Morning Hypertension?
It is recommended by doctors that patients should monitor their blood pressure at home. To determine their risk of high blood pressure in the morning with the use of a blood pressure monitor at home. And which is clinically proven to be accurate. At a local pharmacy you can buy a non-prescription home monitor for blood pressure.
There are several types of monitors available, including auto and manual models. The only blood pressure monitor at home currently on the FDA-approved market to determine the risk of morning hypertension is manufactured by Omron Healthcare (model HEM-780). Omron’s automatic blood pressure measurement is clinically proven. It includes Intellisense for proper cuff inflation, memory capability, various cuff size and electronic display, including date and time.
When purchasing a home blood pressure monitor, make sure you select the right size of the cuff that matches the distance around your hand. If incorrect size of the cuff is used, it may result in poor reading of blood pressure. You should also consider whether you want automatic or manual inflation cuff with the monitor.
What can I do to prevent or control morning hypertension?
A healthy lifestyle that includes:
– Shunning tobacco and alcohol
– Doing regular physical activity
will help protect you from high blood pressure in the morning. If you are taking blood pressure medicines, take them according to the doctor’s prescription. Keep a blood pressure reading magazine at home. These steps can prevent heart or vascular problems for example stroke.